EFEK PERLAKUAN LOW TEMPERATURE LONG TIME BLANCHING TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK CABAI KERING

Nunik Lestari, Ratnawaty Fadilah, Andi Muhammad Akram Mukhlis, Samsuar Samsuar

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Proses pretreatment sebelum cabai dikeringkan berperan penting untuk menghasilkan cabai kering dengan kualitas lebih baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat efek pretreatment LTLT blanching sebelum proses pengeringan terhadap karakteristik pengeringan dan kualitas cabai kering. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan 12 perlakuan, yaitu pengeringan dengan pretreatment LTLT blanching pada suhu 60, 70, dan 80 oC masing-masing selama 10, 15, dan 20 menit, lalu pengeringan dengan pretreatment HTST blanching pada suhu 100 oC selama 10 detik, pengeringan tanpa pretreatment blanching di dalam alat pengering ERK, serta pengeringan tanpa pretreatment blanching di bawah sinar matahari secara langsung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengaruh positif pretreatment LTLT blanching dapat mempercepat laju pengeringan, menghasilkan cabai kering dengan kadar air rendah sesuai standar SNI, menghasilkan warna cabai kering yang menarik, serta memiliki kandungan vitamin C lebih tinggi dibanding cabai kering tanpa pretreatment blanching. Secara keseluruhan, perlakuan pretreatment LTLT blanching pada suhu 80 oC selama 20 menit adalah perlakuan terbaik dari penelitian ini dengan kadar air akhir 8.17%, laju pengeringan yang tercepat, kandungan vitamin C sebesar 0.96%, dan warna yang menarik.

 

ABSTRACT

The pretreatment before drying chilies plays an important role to produce better quality of dried chilies. This study aims to determine the pretreatment effect of LTLT blanching before the drying process on the drying characteristics and quality of dried chilies. This research was carried out with 12 treatments, namely drying with LTLT blanching pretreatment at 60, 70, and 80 oC for 10, 15, and 20 minutes respectively, then drying with HTST blanching pretreatment at 100 oC for 10 seconds, drying without pretreatment blanching in the ERK dryer, and drying without pretreatment blanching in direct sunlight. The results show the positive effect of LTLT blanching pretreatment which can accelerate the drying rate, produce dry chilies with low water content according to SNI standards, produce an attractive dried chilies color, and have a higher vitamin C than dried chilies without blanching pretreatment. Overall, pretreatment with LTLT blanching at 80 oC for 20 minutes is the best treatment in this study with a final moisture content of 8.17%, the fastest drying rate, a vitamin C content of 0.96%, and an attractive color.

 

Keywords

Kata kunci: cabai; pretreatment; pengeringan; vitamin C; warna; Keywords: chili; color; drying; pretreatment

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