Perbandingan Kewenangan Menyatakan Keadaan Darurat Antara Indonesia, Prancis dan Malaysia

Yusriel Bachrie, Jadmiko Anom H, Sri Wahyuni


The state is obliged to declare a state of emergency if it feels threatened by danger, whether coming from outside or within the country. Implementation of check and balance is necessary because executive authority in a state of emergency is too broad and open. Mechanism is needed that limits executive authority aimed at reducing the potential for the executive to abuse power in the implementation of a state of emergency. This study aims to determine the dangers of a single executive authority in imposing a state of emergency in the Indonesian Constitution by using legal arrangements and practices in France and Malaysia. This article uses normative legal research that based on library-based source. The approach used by researchers is a comparative approach that compares the content of provisions in the constitution and compares the implementation and history of emergency regulations. The result of this study is that the implementation of check and balance for the executive in determining a state of emergency is really needed based on a comparison of regulations and legal practices in France and India. Therefore, Indonesia must implement the practice of check and balance in declaring a state of emergency in order to decrease any potential of abuse of power.


Check and Balance; Ketentuan Darurat; Hukum Komparatif; Check and Balance; Emergency Provision; Comparative Law

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 45 times
PDF view : 73 times

Full Text:




Elkins, Z., Ginsburg, T., & Melton, J. (2009). The Endurance of National Constitutions. In Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press.

Artikel Jurnal

Adhari, A. (2019). Ambiguitas Pengaturan Keadaan Bahaya Dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan Indonesia. Dialogia Iuridica: Jurnal Hukum Bisnis Dan Investasi, 11(1), 43–61.

Adhihernawan, M. Y., & Affandi, H. (2022). Limitation Of The President’s Power To Declare A State Of Emergency: A Comparison Of France, India, And Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure, 22(2), 145–162.

Azmi, Z. (2021). Government’s Powers During an Emergency. Journal of The Malaysian Parliament, 1(1), 18–38.

Bagir, M., & Harijanti, S. D. (2020). Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang dalam Perspektif Ajaran Konstitusi dan Prinsip Negara Hukum. Padjajaran Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 4(2), 222–243.

Bima, M. R. (2019). Implementation of State of Emergency Within the Constitusional Law System in Indonesia. Diponegoro Law Review, 4(1), 405.

Bjørnskov, C., & Voigt, S. (2018). The architecture of emergency constitutions. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 16(1), 101–127.

Bozinovic, F. (2017). Finding the Limits of France’s State of Emergency. Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union, 2017(1), 13–32.

Claudia Siwu, S., & Aulia Rahman:, R. (2022). The State of Emergency in Indonesia. A Great Lesson from the Covid-19 Pandemic. 3rd International Conference on Law Reform (3rd INCLAR), 2022, 124–137.

Daya Negeri Wijaya. (2016). KONTRAK SOSIAL MENURUT THOMAS HOBBES DAN JOHN LOCKE Daya Negri Wijaya Jurusan Sejarah, Universitas Negeri Malang Email: Jurnal Sosiologi Pendidikan Humanis, 1(2), 183–193.

Djohari, D. (2012). Penerapan Norma Hukum Tata Negara Darurat Serta Kaitannya vdengan Penanggulangan Gangguan Kemanan dan Bencana Tsunami di Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan, 2(3).

Elkins, Z., Ginsburg, T., & Melton, J. (2009). The Endurance of National Constitutions. In Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press.

Jacob, C. E. (2019). Tinjauan Yuridis Terhadap Penetapan Keadaan Darurat Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945. Lex Et Societatis, 7(6), 7.

Kamga, G. E. K. (2013). L ’ État D ’ Exception and / or a State of Siege : What Is Really Wrong With Section 9 ( 2 ) of the Constitution of Cameroon ? 9(2), 333–351.

Lassa, J. A. (2013). Disaster Policy Change in Indonesia 1930–2010: From Government to Governance? International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 31(2), 130–159.

Salam, R. (2017). The Relationship Between States of Emergency, Politics and The Rule of Law. Canterbury Law Review.

Sheeran, S. P. (2017). Reconceptualizing States of Emergency Under International Human Rights Law: Theory, Legal Doctrine and Politics. Mich. J. Int’l, 34.

Sinnadurai, V. (1968). Proclaimation of Emergency — Reviewable ? Stephen Kalong Ningkan v . Government of Malaysia. Malaya Law Review, 10(1), 130–133.

Suganda, A., & Siregar, M. A. (2020). The Meaning and Development of State Emergency Laws Based on Constitution in the Indonesian Legal System. 2nd International Conference on Law, Governance and Social Justice (ICOLGAS 2020), 499(Icolgas), 544–553.

Suhariyanto, D. (2021). Problematika Penetapan Perppu Kondisi Negara Problems of the Determination of Country Conditions in Emergency in the Legal System in. Jurnal USM Law Review, 4(1), 190–207.

Świrgoń-Skok, R., & Pięta-Szawara, A. (2021). Senatus Consultum Ultimum - State of Emergency in Ancient Rome. Przegląd Prawa Konstytucyjnego, 64(6), 543–553.

Wajdi, F., & Andryan. (2020). Prerogative of the President in About the State of Emergency (Comparison of Indonesia with the United States). International Journal Reglement & Society (IJRS, 1(2), 138–150.

Yaakop, R. (2020). The Emergency Law in Malaysia. 1–20. SSRN 1695727


Aoláin, F. N., & Gross, O. (2015). Connecting Past and Present: Assessing French Emergency Powers in Historical Perspective. Diambil Januari 2, 2023, Dari


  • There are currently no refbacks.