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Author Guidelines

Manuscript Format

The manuscript should meet the standard format of JSeD, which includes Title, Authors, Abstract, Introduction, Research Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions and Suggestions, Acknowledgments, and References. The composition of the review or literature study can be adjusted and must contain Abstract, Introduction, Conclusions and Suggestions, Acknowledgments, and References.

The manuscript is typed at one side of the white paper of A4 size, in a single column, with 1.5 space line.†The length of a complete manuscript ranges from 4500 to 8000 words, not including tables and figures.† The manuscript format must be prepared following the journal template (the main manuscript†and†the title page). Authors must ensure that the main manuscript does not contain any author identity or affiliation to ensure a double-blind review process.† Author identity is to be written on the title page in a separate file and included in the supplement file during the OJS submission.†

Articles Writing Format

1. The Title.††The title of the paper should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulas where possible. It should be written clearly and concisely to describe the content of the research. The entire title must be written in capital letters. The number of words in the title should not exceed 15 words.†

2. The Author.The manuscript contains the full name of the author and co-authors (no abbreviation), includes an address(es) and email addresses.† The authorship of the journal requires at least two authors.

3. Abstract. The abstract contains a brief description of the objective of the research, the approach or method used, important results, and discussion or policy implications. If the article is in the form of a literature review, the abstract consists of background, purpose, and discussion or policy implications. The abstract should not contain references or non-standard abbreviations. The abstract should be 175- 220 words in length and easily understood.

4. Keyword. The selection of keywords should avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts. Do not use words or terms in the title as keywords. The keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not be more than 5 words or phrases in alphabetical order. See how the criteria for writing keywords.

5. JEL Classification (Journal of Economic Literature). JEL indicates a standard method of classifying scholarly literature in the field of economics. Write a maximum of three JEL classification codes of the research field that are included in the manuscript.

6. Introduction.†

  • The introduction describes the arguments on the importance of the research.†The author does not need to write a sub-chapter of literature review. It should be integrated into the background or research problem, and written in a flowing narrative to strengthen the argument for the urgency of the research. Introduction generally contains the aspect of the deduction, meaning that it states a conceptual framework (from critical literature review) to solve a specific problem.† Therefore, the introduction should contain the background, previous research conducted on the same topic, and gap analysis to show the research contributions to the development of the topic discourse (novelty).†
  • An introduction should contain quantitative data, along with relevant literature.† The author should not display tables or images, but describe the phenomena or problems instead.† The author should use the most relevant and recent literature in the last ten years. The introduction ends with the formulation of research objectives. The research purpose should clearly state the steps to solve the problem. In composing the introduction, the author should think of readers as non-experts in the field.
  • The entire introduction should be presented in a straightforward and concise manner with no more than 30 percent of the total pages, or approximately 1000-1500 words.

7. Research Method.†

  • The research method includes (i) research approach, specific time and area of research; (ii) the types and sources of data, information collection techniques, and research variables studied; and (iii) data analysis methods, data retrieval techniques (sampling) and data analysis process. For a literature review, indication of Research Method is not required. This can be replaced with other topics such as basic concepts of science and present conditions. Hypothesis testing is also not a requirement.¬†The hypothesis should not be expressed in H0 vs H1, but may verify what has been described in the introduction.†
  • In the research, the method may be displayed as an illustration of images, maps, flow charts, mathematical formulas, or models. Images or maps should be in jpg format, which have been fixed in the form of a black-white or color image of at least 400 kb.† In the case of long descriptions, it is not necessary to display all of them. The author should shorten and indicate the reference sources instead.†
  • The overall methods should be presented in straightforward and concise manner of no more than 20 percent of the total page, or in approximately between 750 and 1500 words.†

8. Result and Discussion.†

  • The results and discussion are presented in at least three sub-chapters, namely (i) the characteristics of respondents or an overview of the research subject, (ii) findings or results of analysis, and (iii) research implications.¬†The author presents the respondent characteristics or research subject overview as the initial findings of the research.†This is useful as a baseline for how the research is expected to address the research problems and determine the solutions.
  • The results and discussion are presented collectively without the need to separate them in two different sections. They should illustrate and follow the sequence of the research objectives. The results present the empirical findings of the research, while the discussion examines the findings.Illustration in the form of statistical analysis is presented proportionally. It is not necessary to write down the understanding of hypothesis H0 vs H1. For example, the estimation result of the regression analysis is sufficiently expressed through t-test symbols or F
  • The discussion of findings does not only present the story behind the data but also compares the results with previous studies. Comparison with other research results also serves to indicate the position of the research in the middle of the discourse of relevant topics. In the final section,†Research implications are presented to highlight how research findings can be used for policy and development purposes by looking at an issue from various aspects of relevance and need (make sure the research implication should be 750-1000 words length). This is to provide a comprehensive perspective to consider an article from various points of view. Authors are encouraged to use relevant citations and write arguments to support the statement or narrative that they wish to highlight
  • The unit of measurement should follow the prevailing international system. All figures and tables placed within manuscript pages should be editable by the handling editor.† Illustrations are displayed in jpg format which have been fixed in the form of a black-white or color image.† For manuscripts in the form of literature reviews, results may be replaced by other topics such as current conditions, policies, or developments.
  • The Results and Discussion section should be presented in a straightforward and concise manner with at least 50 percent of the total pages, or approximately 2500-3500 words.

9. Conclusion and Suggestion.†

  • The conclusion should be in the form of a response from the intended purpose and is not intended as a summary of the results. The conclusion should contain quantitative data or brief descriptions confirming whether the research objectives are achieved. Do not write formulas, markers or statistical symbols in conclusion.† The suggestions are in the form of follow-up (implications) to be carried out in connection with the findings or conclusions by the author. Suggestions placed after the conclusion contains recommendations on the research or input that can be used directly by society, industry, and government.
  • The overall conclusion and suggestions should be presented in straightforward and concise manner with approximately 5 - 10 percent of the total pages, or approximately between 500 and 1000 words.

10. Acknowledgments (optional). This section contains anappreciation to donors/sponsors, material contributors, and research facilities.

11. References.†

  • The author writes a list of publications or references, which are cited in the introduction, research methods, and results and discussion.†The references should be within the last 10 years with at least 80% journal references. The references included throughout the main manuscript should originate from†at least 20 citations. All references are listed in alphabetical order using the†American Psychological Association 6th edition†(APA) style. Check each reference against the original source (author name, year, title, volume/issue, number, page, and DOI link). Authors are required to use Mendeley Reference Manager.†
  • Unpublished data and personal communication shouldnot be cited as literature citations. In press articles that have been accepted for publication may be cited in references. Include the citation of the journal in which the in press article will appear and the publication date if the date information is available.†

Examples of references writing are as follows:


  • Dalal, D. K., & Zickar, M. J. (2012). Some common myths about centering predictor variables in moderated multiple regression and polynomial regression. Organizational Research Methods, 15(3), 339-362.
  • Drumm, A. (2008). The Threshold of Sustainability for Protected Areas. BioScience, 58(9), 782-783.
  • Kusumasari, B., & Alam, Q. (2012). Local wisdom-based disaster recovery model in Indonesia. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 21(3), 351-369.
  • Randolph, J. J. (2009). A Guide to writing the dissertation literature review. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 14(13), 1-13.
  • Paguio, J. T., & Yu, D. S. F. (2020). A mixed methods study to evaluate the effects of a teamwork enhancement and quality improvement initiative on nurses work environment. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76(2), 664-675.



  • Purnomowati, W., Nugroho, I., & Negara, P. D. (2012). Entrepreneurship Ability On Ecotourism Services Of Local People In Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru, Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia. In 11th International Entrepreneurship Forum (11th IEF) Conference Entrepreneurship and Sustainability: From Lifestyles to Innovative Enterprises in Creative and Sustainable Environments, (pp. 458-473). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.: International Entrepreneurship Forum Conference.
  • Putri, C. F., Nugroho, I., & Purnomo, D. (2019). Performance Measurement of SMEs of Malang Batik as a Result of Local Wisdom with Balanced Scorecard. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 505, 012022.
  • Meilani, D., Fatrias, D., & Alda, A. P. (2015). Improving Service Quality towards Patient Satisfaction at Stroke Hospitals in West Sumatera. In The 14th International Conference on QIR (Quality in Research) (pp. 1191-1196). Retrieved from

Chapter Contribution in Book

Thesis or Dissertation

Figures and Tables

A table number and a titleis to be written at the top of each table. On the other hand, the numbers and titles of images, graphs, photographs, or others are written at the bottom of illustrations.† The illustrations should be clear and easy to read.† It is recommended that the tables and graphs are not in the form of a picture (image file).††The image file size of illustrations should be between 100kB to 300 kB in black white or color image.† Authors must edit or adjust the file accordingly to obtain good image quality. All figures and tables should be placed within the manuscript pages and should be active and editable by the technical editor.† The tables or illustrations should bea link to Microsoft Excel or other software applications.

The writing of decimal numbers is indicated by a period and not a comma (eg. 25.5 cm instead of 25,5 cm); the number of thousands/millions are indicated by a comma, not a period (eg. Rp20,500 instead of Rp20.500); and large numbers can be replaced with words (eg. 2.8 million instead of 2,800,000).

Mathematical Model 

For reading convenience, it is recommended to limit the number of mathematical models written in an article.In the case of extensive use of mathematical models, they are to be placed in the appendix. Microsoft Equation Models should be used for equations and mathematical symbols. The units of measurement are the metric system (eg. m, m2, liters, and oC). The word percent is expressed by the character %, written without spaces from the preceding number (eg. 10%).

Manuscript submission

Authors are invited to submit the manuscript through OJS online submission OJS.† Registration and login details are required to enable online submission and check the submission status.

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Authors should not submit their manuscripts to the editor via email

Authors are to†ensure that the main manuscripts do not contain author identity or affiliation to ensure a double-blind review process.††Author identity is written on a title page in a separate file and included in the supplement file during OJS submission. Download†the main manuscript†dan†the title page.

JSeD Editor's Address

Study Program of Socioeconomics (Agribusiness), Agriculture Faculty,†
Widyagama University of Malang
Jl. Taman Borobudur Indah No. 3 Malang 65142 INDONESIA
Tel / Fax +62341 496919
Website OJS
Contact Person: Rhesa +6285733580733 (WA Only)


Copyright Notice

Authors whose articles are accepted for publication in JSeD transfer copyright to the Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press). Copyright includes exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver articles in all forms and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproduction, as well as translation.  However, authors retain significant rights to use and share their own published articles. The publisher supports the need for authors to share, disseminate and maximize the impact of their research and these rights in any database.

Authors have rights to a large range of uses of their articles, including the use by their employing institutions. Author rights can be implemented without the need to obtain specific permission, including wide-ranging rights to use their works in the following areas:

  • use for classroom teaching by author or author's institution, presentation at a meeting or conference, and distribution of copies to attendees,
  • use for internal training by author's institution
  • distribution to colleagues for research use,
  • use in subsequent compilations of author's works,
  • inclusion in a thesis or dissertation,
  • reuse of portions or extracts from the article in other works (with full acknowledgment of final article),
  • preparation of derivative works other than commercial purposes (with full acknowledgment of final article), and
  • voluntary posting on open websites operated by author or author institution for scholarly purposes,

The JSeD policy in managing copyright transfer is formulated through a statement letter agreed upon by the corresponding author (download author's statement letter).† This statement letter must be uploaded as part of supplementary files during manuscript submission.


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