Local Wisdom in Shifting Cultivation Management of Dayak Ngaju Community, Central Kalimantan

Eti Dewi Nopembereni, Sugiyanto Sugiyanto, Keppi Sukesi, Yayuk Yuliati

Abstract

This study aims to identify the local wisdom in the management system of shifting cultivation in Dayak Ngaju, Central Kalimantan. The study was conducted at Mantangai Tengah Village and Mantangai Hilir Village, Mantangai District, Kapuas Regency, Central Kalimantan. Purposive sampling was used as the method to determine the location and sample of the research (70 people). The primary data used were farmers or cultivators and key informants while the secondary data were obtained from BPS and related agencies. The analysis of the data was done by using a descriptive qualitative technique. The results show that the management system of shifting cultivation conducted by local people cannot be separated from the local wisdom in the community. This is indicated by some activities which explain that phenomena such as forest clearing, land burning, land management, technology utilization, and ceremony accompanying the activities of shifting cultivation. Communities live in a harmonious relationship with forests and land, manage land in a limited area (1-2 ha) without the risk of land fires, live in communal and mutual cooperation (gotong-royong), and have local knowledge that has a positive value.

JEL Classification: D19, O33, O35


Keywords

Dayak Ngaju; local wisdom; shifting cultivation; Kapuas

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 256 times
PDF view : 0 times

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adams, C., Chamlian Munari, L., Van Vliet, N., Sereni Murrieta, R. S., Piperata, B. A., Futemma, C., … Spressola-Prado, V. L. (2013). Diversifying Incomes and Losing Landscape Complexity in Quilombola Shifting Cultivation Communities of the Atlantic Rainforest (Brazil). Human Ecology, 41(1), 119–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-012-9529-9

Amare, D., Wondie, M., Mekuria, W., & Darr, D. (2019). Agroforestry of Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia: Practices and Benefits. Small-Scale Forestry, 18(1), 39–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-018-9405-6

Berkes, F., Folke, C., & Gadgil, M. (1995). Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Biodiversity, Resilience and Sustainability. In C. A. Perrings, K.-G. Mäler, C. Folke, C. S. Holling, & B.-O. Jansson (Eds.), Biodiversity Conservation: Problems and Policies (pp. 281–299). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0277-3_15

Bhagawati, K., Bhagawati, G., Das, R., Bhagawati, R., & Ngachanngachan, S. V. (2015). The Structure of Jhum (Traditional Shifting Cultivation System): Prospect or Threat to Climate. International Letters of Natural Sciences, 46, 16–30. https://doi.org/10.18052/www.scipress.com/ilns.46.16

Bhushan, S., Singh, P. K., Telidevara, S., & Kumar, S. (2019). Understanding Livelihood Diversification: A Case Study of Mushroom Farming in Bihar. In A. K. J. R. Nayak (Ed.), Transition Strategies for Sustainable Community Systems: Design and Systems Perspectives (pp. 153–167). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00356-2_14

BPS Kalimantan Tengah. (2017). Kalimantan Tengah Province In Figure (Publ: 62560.1711). BPS-Statistics of Kalimantan Tengah Province.

Burns, H. L. (2015). Transformative Sustainability Pedagogy: Learning From Ecological Systems and Indigenous Wisdom. Journal of Transformative Education, 13(3), 259–276. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541344615584683

Cairns, M., & Garrity, D. P. (1999). Improving shifting cultivation in Southeast Asia by building on indigenous fallow management strategies. Agroforestry Systems, 47(1), 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006248104991

Das, S., & Das, M. (2014). Shifting Cultivation in Tripura – A Critical Analysis. Journal of Agriculture and Life Sciences, 1(1), 48–54. Retrieved from http://jalsnet.com/journals/Vol_1_No_1_June_2014/6.pdf

Evans, T. P., Phanvilay, K., Fox, J., & Vogler, J. (2011). An agent-based model of agricultural innovation, land-cover change and household inequality: The transition from Swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR. Journal of Land Use Science, 6(2–3), 151–173. https://doi.org/10.1080/1747423X.2011.558602

FAO, IWGIA, & AIPP. (2015). Shifting Cultivation, Livelihood and Food Security New and Old Challenges for Indigenous Peoples in Asia. In C. Erni (Ed.), Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security (p. 434). Bangkok: FAO. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4580e.pdf

Fernández-Ferrín, P., Calvo-Turrientes, A., Bande, B., Artaraz-Miñón, M., & Galán-Ladero, M. M. (2018). The valuation and purchase of food products that combine local, regional and traditional features: The influence of consumer ethnocentrism. Food Quality and Preference, 64, 138–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2017.09.015

Kansanga, M., Andersen, P., Kpienbaareh, D., Mason-Renton, S., Atuoye, K., Sano, Y., … Luginaah, I. (2019). Traditional agriculture in transition: examining the impacts of agricultural modernization on smallholder farming in Ghana under the new Green Revolution. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 26(1), 11–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2018.1491429

Khadka, R. (2010). Transition from slash-and-burn (Khoriya) farming to permanent agroforestry in the middle hills of Nepal; An analysis of costs, benefits and farmers’ adoption. Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Department of International Environment and Development Studies . Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/52080290.pdf

Kurniawan, A., Hartoyo, S., & Syaukat, Y. (2011). Analisis efesiensi ekonomi dan daya saing jagung pada lahan kering di Kabupaten Tanah Laut, Kalimantan Selatan. Jurnal Agribisnis Perdesaan, 01(02), 83–99. Retrieved from http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/45306

Lumangkun, A., & Wardenaar, E. (2017). Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Dalam Kegiatan Ladang Berpindah Di Dusun Laek Desa Bengkilu Kecamatan Tujuh Belas Kabupaten Bengkayang. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 5(4), 1027–1034. Retrieved from http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/23017/0

Mangora, M. M. (2012). Shifting Cultivation, Wood Use and Deforestation Attributes of Tobacco Farming in Urambo District, Tanzania. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2), 135–140. Retrieved from http://maxwellsci.com/print/crjss/v4-135-140.pdf

Mokpokpo, A.-K. (2016). The Use of Sculptures to Augment Naming of Buildings in Honor of Heroes and Heroines in Ho Polytechnic, Ho, Ghana. Asian Journal of Education and Training, 2(2), 34–38. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.522/2016.2.2/522.2.34.38

Patel, T., Karmakar, S., Sanjog, J., Surendra, K., & Chowdhury, A. (2013). Socio-economic and environmental changes with transition from shifting to settled cultivation in North-Eastern India: an ergonomics perspective. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research (IJASR), 3(2), 117–135.

Rahman, S. A., Rahman, M. F., & Sunderland, T. (2012). Causes and consequences of shifting cultivation and its alternative in the hill tracts of eastern Bangladesh. Agroforestry Systems, 84(2), 141–155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-011-9422-3

Ribeiro Filho, A. A., Adams, C., & Murrieta, R. S. S. (2014). The impacts of shifting cultivation on tropical forest soil: a review. Boletim Do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas, 8(3), 693–727. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1981-81222013000300013

Rodríguez, I., Sletto, B., Bilbao, B., Sánchez-Rose, I., & Leal, A. (2018). Speaking of Fire: Reflexive Governance in Landscapes of Social Change and Shifting Local Identities§. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 20(6), 693–712. https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2013.766579

Singh, S., Purohit, J. K., & Bhaduri, A. (2016). Shifting Cultivation in Odisha and Chhattisgarh: Rich agro-biodiverse systems under risk. Jharkhand Journal of Development and Management Studies XISS, 14(2), 7023–7036.

Temudo, M. P., Figueira, R., & Abrantes, M. (2015). Landscapes of bio-cultural diversity: shifting cultivation in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa. Agroforestry Systems, 89(1), 175–191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-014-9752-z

Utina, R. (2017). Ecological Intelligence of Coastal Community on Biodiversity Conservation (Case Study of Bajau Coastal Communities, Gorontalo). _Journal of Biological Sciences, 4(1), 54–57. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24843/metamorfosa.2017.v04.i01.p09

van Vliet, N., Adams, C., Vieira, I. C. G., & Mertz, O. (2013). “Slash and Burn” and “Shifting” Cultivation Systems in Forest Agriculture Frontiers from the Brazilian Amazon. Society and Natural Resources, 26(12), 1454–1467. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2013.820813

Wida, E., Irianto, H., & Anam, C. (2015). Study of Staple Food Identification By Local Wisdom Base on Pre-Prosperous Household in Central Java. Agriekonomika, 4(1), 66–79. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21107/agriekonomika.v4i1.675.g595

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.