Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The Journal of Socioeconomics and Development (JSeD) follows the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.  It is expected of authors, reviewers and editors that they follow the best-practice guidelines on ethical behaviour contained therein (based on Elsevier policies).   

Duties of Editors  

  • Fair play and editorial independence.  Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal’s scope, without regard to the authors’ race, gender, religious belief,  or institutional affiliation. 
  • Confidentiality.  Editors will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest.  Editors will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent.  
  • Publication decisions.  The editor in chief is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts will be published. The  editor in chief may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
  • Involvement and cooperation in investigations.  Editors will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published paper. If, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, or other note as may be relevant, will be published in the journal.

Duties of Reviewers  

  • Contribution to editorial decisions.  Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and may suggest authors in improving their manuscripts. 
  • Promptness.  Any invited reviewer who feels unqualified to review manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
  • Confidentiality.  Any manuscripts received for review are confidential documents and must be treated as such; they must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the editor in chief.
  • Standards of objectivity.  Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript.  
  • Acknowledgment of sources.  Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation.  
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest.  Any invited reviewer who has conflicts of interest with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest.   

Duties of Authors  

  • Reporting standards.  Authors should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work. The manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work.  Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
  • Data access and retention.  Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable.  
  • Originality and plagiarism.  Authors should ensure that they have written and submit only entirely original works. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off" another's paper as the author's own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
  • Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission/publication.  Authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and unacceptable.   
  • Authorship of the manuscript.  Only persons who meet these authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content: (i) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and (ii) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication.  
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest.  Authors should disclose any conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants or other funding, etc. All sources of financial support for the work should be disclosed.
  • Acknowledgment of sources.  Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately (from conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source.  
  • Peer review.  Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding to editors’ requests. In the case of a first decision of "revisions required", authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.
  • Fundamental errors in published works.  When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editors and cooperate with them to either correct the paper in the form of an erratum or to retract the paper, see
    • Article withdrawal.  Only used for Articles in Press (forthcoming articles) which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors.  Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, or the like. In these cases, fulltext manuscript in pdf format will be withdrawn, but the title still appears on the journal issue page as [WITHDRAWN] Article title
    • Article retraction. In which the article has been published, and later found conclusively that there were infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, or the like.  In these cases, fulltext article in pdf format will appear on the journal issue page and the title displayed as [RETRACTION] Article title.  The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted".
    • Article removal: Legal limitation.  In which the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, it will be, the subject of a court order.  In these cases, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text page will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons
    • Article replacement.  In which the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, or might infringe others’ legal rights.  It may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these cases, the procedures for retraction will be followed with the database retraction notice and publish a link to the corrected re-published article and state a history of the document

Duties of the Publisher  

  • Handling of unethical publishing behavior.  In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press) in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. The publisher shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place
  • Access to journal content.  The UWG Press is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive.