PERAN TERNAK BABI SEBAGAI BIO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS PADA LAHAN KEBUN DALAM BUDAYA BERTANI MASYARAKAT ARFAK, PAPUA BARAT

Hanike Monim, Dwi Nurhayati, Darius Trirbo, Alnita Baaka, Alexander Yaku, Deny Anjelus Iyai, Sartji Taberima, Miksen Sangkek

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Mengetahui seberapa jauh aplikasi penggunaan ternak babi dalam kebun masyarakat Arfak di Pegunungan Arfak penting untuk dipelajari karena Arfak memiliki kondisi agroekologi penting. Masyarakat Arfak memiliki kearifan dalam bertani serta  memiliki hubungan yang dekat dengan ternak babi. Hasil tinjauan di lapang dan referensi menunjukkan bahwa ternak babi relatif masih digunakan pada lahan pertanian atau kebun keluarga masyarakat Arfak sebagai hewan penggembur tanah (soil dozer). Ternak babi, kebun dan masyarakat Arfak saling berinteraksi dengan memberikan peranan kepada masing-masing komponen. Kelebihan ternak babi sebagai penggembur tanah kebun biologis mampu membantu petani orang Arfak. Terdapat 7 keunggulan penggunaan ternak babi dalam kebun. Namun jumlah ternak yang dapat dimasukkan serta sejauhmana kinerja ternak babi dalam setiap luasan lahan secara ekonomis, ekologis dan sosiologis masih harus dikaji secara intensif.

 

ABSTRACT

Knowing how far the application of pig farming in Arfak people 's gardens in the Arfak Mountains is important to learn because Arfak has important agro ecological conditions, the Arfak people have wisdom in farming and have a close relationship with pigs. The results of the review in the field and references show that the pigs are relatively still used on agricultural land or Arfak people's family farms as soil dozers. Pigs and gardens and Arfak people interact with each other by providing service to each component. The advantages of pigs as biological gardeners are able to help Arfak farmers. There are 7 benefits of using pigs as bio-tillage inside Arfak household gardens. However, the number of livestock that can be included and the extent to which the performance of pigs in each area of land economically, ecologically and sociologically, must still be studied intensively.

 

 

Keywords

masyarakat Arfak; Pegunungan Arfak; sistem pertanian; ternak babi; Arfak people; Arfak Mountains; farming system; pig farming

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