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Author Guidelines

Manuscript Format

The manuscript should meet JSeD standard format, include Title, Authors, Abstract, Introduction, Research Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions and Suggestions, Acknowledgments, and References. The composition of the review or literature study can be adjusted and still contains Abstract, Introduction, Conclusions and Suggestions, Acknowledgments, and References.

The manuscript is typed at one side of the white paper of A4 size, in a single column, 1.5 space line. The length of the whole manuscript ranges from 4500 to 8000 words, not including Tables and Figures.   The authors prepare the manuscript format following the terms of the journal template (the main manuscript and the title page).  The author makes sure that the main manuscript does not contain any identity of the author(s) or affiliation to ensure a double-blind review process.  The identity of the author(s) is written on the title page in a separate file and included in the supplement file in OJS submission.  

Articles Writing Format

1. The Title.  The title of the paper should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulas where possible. It should be written clearly and concisely describing the contents of the research. The title must be written in capital letters in each word. The number of words in the title should be no more than 15 words. 

2. The Author. The manuscript has the main author and co-authors with the full name of the author and co-authors (no abbreviation), includes an address (es) and email addresses clearly.

3. Abstract. The abstract contains a brief description of the objective or purpose of the research, the approach or method used, important results, and discussion or policy implications. If the article is in the form of a literature review, the abstract consists of background, purpose, and discussion or policy implications. The abstract should not contain References or non-standard abbreviations. The abstract should be 175- 200 words in length and easily understood by all parties.

4. Keyword. The keywords should be avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts. Do not use words or terms in the title as keywords. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not more than 5 words or phrases in alphabetical order.

5. JEL Classification (Journal of Economic Literature). JEL shows a standard method of classifying scholarly literature in the field of economics. Write the maximum of three JEL classification codes of the field of research that are included in the manuscript. 

6. Introduction

  • The introduction describes the arguments on why the article contains interesting research and why it is important to be conducted. Introduction generally contains the aspect of the deduction, meaning that it states a conceptual framework (from literature review) to solve a specific problem.  To answer that, the introduction should contain the background, state of the art of the research that was previously conducted on the same topic, and gap analysis to show where the research contributions were made to the development of the topic discourse (novelty). 
  • An introduction should contain quantitative data, along with relevant literature.  The author should not display tables or images but rather directed to describe phenomena or problems.  The author should use the most relevant and recent literature (in the last ten years).   The Introduction ends with the formulation of research objectives to be achieved. The purpose of the research clearly states the steps of research work to solve the problem. As you compose the introduction, think of readers who are not experts in this field.
  • The entire introduction should be presented in a straightforward and concise manner with a portion of no more than 30 percent of the total pages, or 1000-1500 words in length approximately.

7. Research Method

  • The research method includes items of (i) specific time and place of research; (ii) describes the types and sources of data and information collection techniques, and research variables studied; and (iii) explains data analysis methods, example: contains data retrieval techniques (sample) and analysis of the data used. For a literature review, there is no need for a Research Method. This can be replaced with other topics such as basic concepts of science, conditions that are happening. Hypothesis testing is not a requirement to be submitted. The hypothesis should not be expressed in H0 vs H1, but may verify what has been described in the introduction. 
  • In the research, the method may be displayed as an illustration of images, maps, flow charts, mathematical formulas, or models. Images or maps are displayed from jpg files, which have been fixed, in the form of a black-white or color image.  For methods composed of long descriptions, it is not necessary to display them all but to shorten and indicate their reference source.   
  • The overall methods should be presented straightforwardly and concisely of no more than 20 percent of the total page.  

8. Result and Discussion

  • These consist of two major parts of the results and the discussions without having to firmly separate between the parts. Divisions of sub-sections in Results and Discussions should illustrate and follow the sequence of the research objectives. The results present the empirical findings of the research conducted, while the discussions discuss the findings obtained. The authors are advised to present the respondent characteristics or area overview as the initial findings of the research.  The illustration in the form of statistical analysis is presented proportionally. It is not necessary to write down the understanding of hypothesis H0 vs H1. For example, the estimation result of the regression analysis is sufficiently expressed through t-test symbols or F.
  • Discussions of findings do not only present the story behind the data but also compare the results obtained with those of the previous studies. Comparison with other research results also serves to indicate the position of the research conducted in the middle of the discourse of relevant topics. In the end section, The research implication of the results and discussions should be presented, especially for policy and development. JSeD emphasizes the depth of substance and discussion, by looking at an issue from various aspects of relevance and need. This is expected to provide a comprehensive perspective to consider an article from various sides. Authors are encouraged to use relevant citations and write arguments to support the statement or narrative that they want to highlight
  • The unit of measurement used should follow the prevailing international system. All figures and tables placed within manuscript pages and should be active and editable by the editor.  Illustrations are displayed from jpg files, which have been fixed, in the form of a black-white or color image.  For manuscripts in the form of literature reviews, results may be replaced by other topics such as current conditions, policies, or developments.
  • The overall Results and Discussions should be presented in a straightforward and concise manner with at least 50 percent of the total pages, or 3500 words in length.

9. Conclusion and Suggestion

  • The conclusion should be in the form of a response from the intended purpose and is not intended as a summary of the results. The conclusion should contain quantitative data or brief descriptions that confirm that the research objectives are achieved or not. Do not write formulas, markers or statistical symbols in conclusions.  The suggestion is in the form of follow-up (implication) to be done in connection with the findings or conclusions of the author. Suggestion placed after the conclusion contains a recommendation on the research done or input that can be used directly by society, industry, government as the implication of the utilization of research results.
  • The overall conclusions and recommendations should be presented straightforwardly and concisely with approximately 5 - 10 percent of the total pages.

10. Acknowledgments (optional). It contains a thank you to those who deserve (donors/sponsors), materials contributors, and research facilities.

11. References.  

  • The author writes a list of publications or references, which used in the introduction, research methods, and results and discussion. The references should be within the last 10 years with at least 80% journal references. The number of references included throughout the main manuscript comes from at least 20 citations. All references are listed in alphabetical order using the American Psychological Association 6th edition (APA) style. Check each reference against the original source (author name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Authors are required to use Mendeley Reference Manager. 
  • Unpublished data and personal communication should not be cited as literature citations. “In Press” articles that have been accepted for publication may be cited in references. Include in the citation the journal in which the “in press” article will appear and the publication date if a date is available.  
  • Authors are suggested to cite articles published on JSeD, as appropriate to fit manuscript substance

Examples of references writing are as follows:


  • Dalal, D. K., & Zickar, M. J. (2012). Some common myths about centering predictor variables in moderated multiple regression and polynomial regression. Organizational Research Methods, 15(3), 339–362.
  • Drumm, A. (2008). The Threshold of Sustainability for Protected Areas. BioScience, 58(9), 782–783.
  • Kusumasari, B., & Alam, Q. (2012). Local wisdom-based disaster recovery model in Indonesia. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 21(3), 351–369.
  • Randolph, J. J. (2009). A Guide to writing the dissertation literature review. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 14(13), 1–13.
  • Paguio, J. T., & Yu, D. S. F. (2020). A mixed methods study to evaluate the effects of a teamwork enhancement and quality improvement initiative on nurses’ work environment. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76(2), 664–675. 



  • Purnomowati, W., Nugroho, I., & Negara, P. D. (2012). Entrepreneurship Ability On Ecotourism Services Of Local People In Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru, Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia. In 11th International Entrepreneurship Forum (11th IEF) Conference Entrepreneurship and Sustainability: From Lifestyles to Innovative Enterprises in Creative and Sustainable Environments, (pp. 458–473). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.: International Entrepreneurship Forum Conference. 
  • Putri, C. F., Nugroho, I., & Purnomo, D. (2019). Performance Measurement of SMEs of Malang Batik as a Result of Local Wisdom with Balanced Scorecard. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 505, 012022. 
  • Meilani, D., Fatrias, D., & Alda, A. P. (2015). Improving Service Quality towards Patient’s Satisfaction at Stroke Hospitals in West Sumatera. In The 14th International Conference on QIR (Quality in Research) (pp. 1191–1196). Retrieved from

Chapter Contribution in Book

Thesis or Dissertation

Figures and Tables

For table illustrations, the number and title are written at the top of the Table. While the illustrations of images, graphs, photographs, or others, the number and titles are written at the bottom.  The illustration view should be clear and easy to read.  It is recommended that the tables and graphs are not in the form of a picture (image).  Illustration of image file size between 100 to 300 kb in black white or color image.  Authors must edit or adjust to get a good image quality. All figures and tables placed within manuscript pages and should be active and editable by the editor.  The table or model illustrations must be final (fix), not links with MS Excel or other software applications

The writing of decimal numbers is indicated by a point and not a comma (eg. 25.5 cm instead of 25,5 cm); the number of thousands/millions are indicated by a comma, not a dot (eg. Rp 20,500 instead of Rp 20.500); Large numbers can be replaced with the title word (eg. 2.8 million instead of 2,800,000).

Mathematical Model 

For the convenience in reading the journal, it is recommended to limit the number of mathematical models written in the article, for the case of extensive use of mathematical models, place it in the appendix. It should use Microsoft Equation Models for the equations and mathematical symbols. The units of measurement suggested are the metric system (eg. m, m2, liters, and oC). The word percent is expressed by the character %, written without spaces from the preceding number (eg. 10%).

Manuscript submission

The authors are invited to submit the manuscript through submission online in OJS.   Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.

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Authors can also submit manuscripts to the editor via email by attaching manuscripts such as writing guides.  The editor does not accept manuscripts in printed material or submitted other than via email.

The author makes sure that the main manuscript does not contain any identity of the author(s) or affiliation to ensure a double-blind review process.  The identity of the author(s) is written on the title page in a separate file and included in the supplement file in OJS submission.  Download the main manuscript dan the title page.

JSeD Editor's Address

Study Program of Socioeconomics (Agribusiness), Agriculture Faculty, 
Widyagama University of Malang
Jl. Taman Borobudur Indah No. 3 Malang 65142 INDONESIA
Tel / Fax +62341 496919
Website OJS
Contact Person: Rhesa +6285733580733 (WA Only)


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The author makes sure that the manuscript does not contain plagiarism, no conflict of interest in research dan publication works, and not being considered for publication by other journals or publishers.
  2. The manuscript is written in English (US English) consistently throughout the text. All the terms in the script refer to international rules of writing, and avoid the use of local terms.
  3. The manuscripts shall be submitted in MSWord format (.doc or .rtf).  The writing format of the manuscript meets the author guideline.  The number of words in the whole manuscript ranges from 4500 to 8000 words (excluding Tables and Figures).
  4. The author makes sure that the main manuscript does not contain any identity of the author(s) or affiliation to ensure a double-blind review process.  The identity of the author(s) is written on the title page in a separate file and included in the supplement file in OJS submission.
  5. The authors will not withdraw the manuscript during the peer review and editing process The author uploads the statement letter for supplementary files while submitting the manuscript.
  6. If this paper is accepted for publication, the author is required to pay the Article Publication Charge to cover publication costs, or otherwise, the article will not be published.  See waiver policy

Copyright Notice

The author whose articles are accepted for publication in JSeD, transfers all copyright to the Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press).  Copyright includes exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver articles in all forms and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproduction, as well as translation.  However, authors still retain significant rights to use and share their own published articles. The publisher supports the need for authors to share, disseminate and maximize the impact of their research and these rights, in any databases.

As author, you have rights to a large range of uses of your article, including use by your employing institution. Author rights can be implemented without the need to obtain specific permission, including wide-ranging rights to use their works in the following areas:

  • use for classroom teaching by author or author's institution and presentation at a meeting or conference and distributing copies to attendees
  • use for internal training by author's institution
  • distribution to colleagues for their research use
  • use in a subsequent compilation of the author's works
  • inclusion in a thesis or dissertation
  • reuse of portions or extracts from the article in other works (with full acknowledgment of final article)
  • preparation of derivative works (other than commercial purposes) (with full acknowledgment of final article)
  • voluntary posting on open websites operated by author or author’s institution for scholarly purposes,

The policy of JSeD in managing copyright transfer is formulated through a statement letter agreed upon by the corresponding author (download author's statement letter).  This statement letter must be upload for supplementary files while submitting the manuscript.


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